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Silkworms- Part 2

According to Dr. Feltwell in his book cited earlier, about twelve thousand silkworms would need twenty sacks of mulberry leaves a day. About 220 kg of leaves (485 lbs) would produce a kilogram of silk (2.2 lbs).

Most of the cocoons are used to recuperate silk, so not many pupa turn into moths. An important step is to place the cocoons in boiling water for a period of time. This takes off the glue-like substance secreted by the silkworms which holds the cocoon together. In the hot water bath most of the pupa are killed. For moth production, only the best cocoons are chosen. It is possible in the cocoon stage to determine if the moth will be female or male, as the female cocoons are heavier. Thus, the appropriate numbers of male and female moths are allowed to develop to support the next generation of production.

In the heyday of silk production in France, many cocoons would be produced by individual families. One needed access to a substantial supply of mulberry leaves, and an appropriate number of eggs were distributed from the local silk cooperative. The individuals would make room for cocoon production in their attic or another suitable building. This was not a simple venture, however. The process was very labor intensive, and there had to be a constant supply of mulberry leaves ready. Silkworms are also prone to disease, and one had to be very careful in raising them. They needed to be kept warm, and normally wood stoves were used to heat the rooms they were raised in. If fresh mulberry leaves were too hot, however, the silkworms could become ill, so the leaves had to be left in the shade for several hours to cool. At one point the famous doctor Louis Pasteur was called to the silk region to determine the cause of a mysterious illness of silkworms. He eventually determined it was a particular virus and suggested cleanliness procedures and that moths be chosen from only the best cocoons.

After the cocoons were harvested, they were taken back to the cooperative and weighed, and the families that raised them were paid, their work for the year completed with regard to the silk industry. Next the cocoons were shipped to a factory were they would be sorted for quality. The silk thread extraction process from the cocoons came next, and machinery has existed for many years to help in this process. Tying the ends of the delicate silk fibers to the machines was another delicate process that required good touch and experience to perform properly. After the threads were unwound from the cocoons they were wound onto spools and eventually placed on looms and woven into fabric. The cocoons which contained pupa that were allowed to continue on to the moth stage were not usable for silk production. The moth had to excrete a chemical and essentially burned a hole through the cocoon, and this meant the silk was damaged.

Considering all the above effort, it is not surprising to see that the production of silkworms and silk tended to shift to locations and countries where low cost labor was available. Thus China and India are the leaders today. Of course the introduction in the early 20th century of synthetic fabrics like rayon and nylon had an enormous effect on the silk industry, but there will always be a demand for the real thing. Silk is a luxurious and versatile fabric that has an allure which will always be in demand.…

Fashion Style

Spring/summer 2009 Fashion Trend: Depression Chic

Do you know that fashion trends this season highlight ?depression chic?? How to describe it exactly? As far as I concerned, it is the fashion world?s straight stab at bringing back the glamorous dresses. Yes, in Spring/Summer 2009, great depression has suddenly become one of the hottest topic in fashion industry. Then, how to create such a depression chic? Finishing a broken in replica handbag, ripped jeans or wrinkled suits?

In fact, the recent economic downturn equaled an unexpected turn for the better for fashion design this season. The economy has had obvious negative effects on the fashion industry, but an unpredicted positive result comes in the form of one of the most popular trends, cleverly referred to as ?depression chic.? Here fashion is devided into two group, the one is practical wear, the other is the comparatively high-sounding vintage style. I cannot compare much more toward them since both of them are determined by special sense of worth. While, from the point of fashion?s encouragement, we need wear more beautiful and gorgeous in the econimic downturn period.

See the practical wear first. Of course, in the special period, we have to keep more cash in hand, thus we control our shopping desire towards luxury designer items, and begin to select the approachable warm texture, like textile, cotton, stretch-fabrics even the hard-wearing jean. You could consider it as a common civilian fashion, just taste fashion in affordable prices. Then take a good look at the super realism group. It gives high praise to a brand new idea ? the more depressive, the more stylish. Seems a little bolshy. I guess that people should shift their disappointment from the great economic downturn, therefore they mustn?t stop going for fashion. Maybe that will help us to forget annoyance for the moment.

Nevertheless, no matter what the fashion changes, you should remember one big fashion, that?s you need always keep the style of yourselves.…

General Article

Where to Shop in Thailand’s Beach Destinations

Where to Shop in Thailand’s Beach Destinations

Most travelers visit Thailand’s beach destinations such as Krabi, Phuket and Phi Phi Island for its white, sandy beach, the sea and the sun. However, sometimes, you may wish to take a break from all these outdoor activities and just go for some shopping. Let’s take a look at where you can go shopping in Krabi, Phuket and Phi Phi Island.

Outlet Village (Krabi)

This air-conditioned shopping mall in Ao Nang has several branded stores such as Fox, Billabong, Nike and Adidas as slightly lower prices. It is a huge mall, boasting of over 6,000 sqm. in floor space with more than 100 selected leading brands for all genders and ages. It opens daily from 11am to 9pm and you can definitely shop till you drop in this huge mall.

Vogue Department Store (Krabi)

Located in Krabi Town, Vogue Department Store offers quite a number of branded goods such as Guy Laroche and Levi’s for sale. The price of most of the items on sale can be up to about 50% lesser than what you usually pay for at your hometown. However, do note that the apparels are not very up-to-date. Other than that, you do not have to worry about it authenticity because the branded ones are 100% genuine. It has a Kentucky Fried Chicken food outlet and Swensen’s ice cream as well.

Jungceylon Mall (Phuket)

Jungceylon Mall is a massive shopping centre in Phuket boasting of 10 fastfood outlets, 40 apparel stores, a Robinson departmental store and Carrefour, the French hypermarket. Other than that, it also has a wide range of electronics and sports shops so this mall really has it all. It is a very commercialized mall, which is nicely furbished and decorated with a huge water fountain outside it. If you are looking for something good to eat, this is the place for you also! The mall is home to a wide range of cuisines such as European, Korean, Japanese and Chinese cuisines.

Phuket Homepro Village (Phuket)

This mall attracts mostly foreigners as all the signs you can see there are in English. They have a huge home improvement store, as well as the famous toy store, Toys R Us. On top of that, this mall also has a number of retail shops selling apparels, sports equipments, handicrafts and even electronic goods. The main attraction of this mall is its newly opened hypermarket – Villa Market. The market is very well stocked with quality wines, organic food, imported snacks, pet food, kitchenware and so much more. Phuket Homepro Village is definitely a pleasant place to go for grocery shopping, especially in the morning or late evening.

Villa Market is open from 8am to 10pm and is located at Chaofa West Road.

Tonsai Village (Phi Phi Island)

This is a must-go if you are in Phi Phi Island to make your holiday complete. Tonsai Village is a tourist’s paradise with all kinds of souvenirs, funny t-shirts, hats, sarongs, bags and handicrafts for sale. It also sells beach gears such as flip flops, mats and swimwear so if you forgot to bring yours, don’t have to worry so much. Apart from that, it also has a 7/11 convenient store and a bookshop! Just remember to put your bargaining skills to test when you are buying stuffs off those street stalls!…

Shop Fashion

Choosing Ladies Plus Size Fashion Clothes

Building a wardrobe always starts with a few simple basics and working from there and this is no different when building a wardrobe of plus size womens clothing. Choosing your basics will start with a general idea of what you’re looking for and if you’re not sure where to start, then read on for some great suggestions.
Plus Size Womens Clothing Basics
? Choose neutrals that can be mixed and matched with other pieces. And keep in mind that neutrals aren’t just black and white; greys and browns are also great options that will work well with other colours and patterns.
? Think in terms of outfits even when choosing on piece at a time so it works with what you already have.
? Consider pieces that work double duty; shorter dresses that can be worn as tunics or vice-versa for instance. Or tops that can be worn done up on their own or left open over something else and worn like a jacket.
? Choose well made pieces that will last. You may need to invest a little more but you’ll get your money’s worth over time.
? Forgo items that are too trendy when choosing basics because the point of basics is to have long lasting pieces that you can add to over time as you build a wardrobe. Choose your basics and then add some of the gorgeous trendy plus size womens fashions that are available.
? Choose simple and classic styles that never go out of style.
Don’t think that these tips are encouraging you to build a wardrobe of drab, boring pieces because that just isn’t so. Your basics are your foundation and once you have a solid foundation then you can start adding other layers and really building your look. Dressing up your basics is when you get to have some fun because then the world is your oyster as far as looks and styles! With all of the incredible and vibrant plus size womens clothing options available today as well as accessories, shoes and other goodies, you can easily take your basics to high fashion and really have a great time with your look.
Your wardrobe should reflect you and your personality and it should be made of pieces that make you feel beautiful. You want versatility, function and quality for a reasonable price. It may sound like a tall order to fill, but with the right basics it is definitely doable.…

General Article

Do Not Plan A Wedding Before Reading This

Whenever something is complicated, it’s always excellent to find ways to make it simpler. This holds especially true for big events such as a wedding. Just the thought alone is enough to overwhelm you. These wedding tips will help simplify the process.

You can practice walking down your aisle days before the actual wedding. Be certain to practice at the wedding venue while wearing your wedding-day shoes. This is how you will perfect your flow as you make the big walk.

You have to think about transportation when it comes to your wedding. Hiring a bus or shuttle can really help out your guests. This is a great idea for people who drink.

Try talking to local and specialty boutiques and bakeries about individual-sized portion cakes if you don’t want a fatty and expensive cake. For example, cupcakes can be made to be gluten-free, topped with fruit, or include artificial sweeteners.

Women with skin that is sensitive should adopt a healthy skincare routine a couple months before their wedding day. Look for a treatment that includes sea salts, rose, creamy scrubs, and oatmeal proteins.

You need to provide the DJ at your wedding with some songs you want to hear, but you also need to give him a list of all the songs you do not want to hear on that day. Maybe you loved a song once but no longer do. Whatever the case may be, be sure the DJ does not play it, and avoid becoming upset at your wedding.

Make certain that your choice for the reception has enough dancing space. Nothing is worse than everyone being crammed together during a dance, so move things out of the way to help create extra space.

Your assistant just needs to be someone who is capable of keeping up with all your photographic gear and following along unobtrusively behind you. Your assistant can help you round up the family members for the group pictures to make things run even smoother.

When inviting loved ones to destination weddings, try finding out if they wish to stay for your honeymoon, too. By staying longer, they will save money because hotels offer discounts for people that stay longer. This allows them to celebrate your wedding with you and have a great vacation afterwards!

A midday reception may be the perfect way to cut costs at your wedding. Since most of your guests won’t be interested in drinking much alcohol during this hour, you can save money on your bar costs. Also, dinner receptions tend to be more expensive than lunch receptions, and you’ll be able to spend your savings on something else.

Centerpieces on the tables at your wedding can really set you back from a budget and aesthetic perspective. Instead of going all out and putting an elaborate centerpiece at each table, keep them small. This way, your guests are able to talk among themselves a lot easier, without having to try to do so through foliage.

It could seem like planning your wedding is far from simple, but with some practical advice, it can be done. However, the information listed above will help simplify the process. This information will give you what you need to make your day perfect.…

General Article

Budget Friendly Tips For The Health Food Shopper

Budget Friendly Tips For The Health Food Shopper

It’s really strange how all the healthy items at fast food places and in grocery stores are more expensive than the junk food or unhealthy items. Well, regardless of how it happened we can no longer use this as an excuse for not eating right. Eating healthy and staying on a budget may seem difficult in this economy, but if you keep a few simple rules in mind it can be done.

Eat before you go shopping Shop the perimeter of the grocery store Stick to your budget

I know, these rules seem too simple right. Well it’s easy to fall off track if you don’t practice them each and every time you go shopping. Let’s look at number one for example. I forgot to eat before I went to the grocery store one day and I came home with so much junk food, microwave meals and box dinners it wasn’t even funny. I started planning my meals the next day and when I read the nutrition labels on the boxes I was floored at how much sodium and sugar was in the products that I bought! Needless to say, some of those meals made me sick and I gained a lot of water weight that week. Surveys have shown that people who don’t eat before they shop tend to impulse shop more that people who eat before a shopping trip. After my experience, I make sure I eat before any shopping trip, even when I got to buy clothes. This tip really works.

Next I make sure to shop the perimeter of the store. Let’s take a look at what products are on the outside of the store; fresh bread, produce, meat, and dairy products. These items are on the outside because they have a shorter shelf life and have to be changed out more often if not purchase in time. Shopping in these areas every week will guarantee that you’ll be eating foods that are fresh and healthy, but they can be expensive if you decide to buy the organic items. This is where the last rule comes into play. Stick to your budget. If the steak looks good, but you have chicken in your budget this week, then get the chicken and put steak in your budget for next week. If you ate a little something before you went shopping, then the steak shouldn’t temp your taste buds that much. Try just one of these rules for a month and watch what happens. You’ll save a little money, start to eat healthier and lose weight all at the same time.…

General Article

Simple Techniques For Planning A Perfect Wedding

So, it is time to start planning your wedding. You are sure to want every detail to be perfect on this special day. Identifying the best is simple, but the cost can be daunting. How do you get what you want, with the budget you have? Here you will learn some great tips that can help you plan your wedding and save money in the process.

Remember to consider how you would like the alcohol at your reception served, and how much it will cost. For example, an open bar can cost you an arm and a leg, especially if it’s open throughout your reception. Ask the venue you’re thinking of having the wedding at about the different types of alcohol they serve, and what they have in stock.

When you are planning on who will be giving the speeches at the wedding, have them rehearse the material before you so that you can make sure everything is appropriate. There will be people of all ages present, and what may seem funny to a younger person may not be humorous to an older crowd.

The photos taken during your wedding are important as you’ll look at these a lot of times during your lifetime. In order to be able to document this magical occasion, hire a professional and spend extra if necessary.

Brides who have sensitive skin may want to plan a pre-wedding skincare regimen meant to impart a glow without causing undue irritation. Get a bridal facial that incorporates oatmeal, rosewater, sea salt and a good scrub.

It can be nerve-racking to walk down the aisle with so many people watching you, so make sure to practice before the big day in a full-length mirror. If you are afraid of falling, consider wearing flats. Sexy footwear won’t do you any good if you wind up falling on your bum.

If you have a destination wedding and your family is there, see if they want to stay for the honeymoon. Many hotels will reduce their prices for extended stay vacations as opposed to just staying for the wedding itself. This will give them a day to remember and a vacation of their dreams, too!

Divide your table settings evenly. Don’t put an odd number of people at any table. If you put people of the same age together at tables they will have more to talk about.

Send each guest an online itinerary, so that they know exactly when and where every important event will be. Your guests will appreciate knowing where they are expected and at what time; consider making a separate schedule for members of the wedding party.

You’ve finally landed the soon-to-be spouse of your dreams, which begs the question of how you can create an equally perfect wedding. You want a day that is perfect, without having to declare bankruptcy in the process. The preceding paragraphs gave you some tips you can use to help plan a successful wedding. Apply these when planning your wedding to save on costs.…